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Restoration of Degraded Rangeland Ecosystems

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Effects from Long-Term Nongrazing After 75 Years.
(Entire Report - 26.17 MB download)

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Development of Study Areas
Rangeland Reference Areas
Long-Term Regional Weather
Procedures and Results

Sandy Ecological Site
Shallow Ecological Site
Silty Ecological Site
Overflow Ecological Site
Mean of Four Ecological Sites

Literature Cited
Evaluation of Burning and Grazing as Restoration Treatments of Degraded Rangelands
(Entire Report - 1.84 MB download)
Restoration of Degraded Prairie Ecosystem
Effects from Prescribed Burning Treatments
Grazing and Burning Effects on Mineral Nitrogen and Rhizosphere Volume
Initial Restoration Changes of Degraded Rangeland
Degradation and Biological Restoration of Rangeland
Evaluation of Processes that Inhibit Encroachment of Woody Species into Native Rangelands of the Northern Plains
(Entire Report - 404 KB download)
Management of Western Snowberry aka Wolfberry and Buckbrush
(Entire Report - 8.26 MB download)
Western snowberry biology

Biological management of western snowberry


Burning management of western snowberry


Mechanical management of western snowberry


Chemical management of western snowberry


Effective management of western snowberry

Chemical Management of Silver Sagebrush
(Entire Report - 826 KB download)
Evaluation of Nitrogen Fertilization on Native Rangeland. 2nd Ed.
(Entire Report - 2.37 MB download)
Circumstances that Impelled Fertilization Treatment Research on Native Rangeland
Evaluation of Nitrogen Fertilization Treatments on Native Rangeland
Nitrogen Fertilization on Native Rangeland with Ammonium Nitrate and Urea
Cost of Herbage Weight for Nitrogen Fertilization Treatments on Native Rangeland
Evaluation of Grazing Fertilized Native Rangeland Pastures
Fate of Applied Fertilizer Nitrogen on Native Rangeland
Evaluation of Plant Species Shift on Fertilized Native Rangeland
Influence of Soil Mineral Nitrogen on Native Rangeland Plant Water Use Efficiency and Herbage Production
Enhancement of the Nitrogen Cycle Improves Native Rangeland
Long-term Plant Species Shift Caused by Nitrogen Fertilization of Native Rangeland
Soil Mineral Nitrogen Increased Above the Threshold Quantity of 100 Pounds per Acre
Evaluation of Alfalfa Interseeding Techniques
(Entire Report - 10.26 MB download)
Concept changes regarding the use of interseeding practices to correct problems in grassland ecosystems
Interseeding into native grassland with a two-row lister machine
Interseeding machine development by modification of no-till drill
Evaluation of alfalfa varieties solid seeded into cropland
Evaluation of alfalfa varieties broadcast sod-seeded into native rangeland
Summary of the development of the South Dakota State University pasture interseeding machine
Evaluation of alfalfa varieties interseeded into grassland
Evaluation of interseeding row-spacing techniques
Evaluation of interseeding seedbed preparation and sod control techniques
Evaluation of interseeding fertilization-rate techniques
Evaluation of interseeding seeding-rate, seeding-date, and rhizobium-inoculation techniques
Techniques and mechanical processes developed for interseeding alfalfa into grasslands
Evaluation of grazing alfalfa interseeded native grassland pastures
Evaluation of Biological Restoration Management of Degraded Native Mixed Grass Prairie
(Entire Report - 5.95 MB download)
      Includes the following:

Study Area
Long-Term Regional Weather
Growing Season Precipitation
Management Strategy
Livestock and Stocking Rates
Control Pasture NR 4
Grazed Pasture NR 3
Grazed Pasture NR 2
Grazed Pasture NR 1
Changes on the Ungrazed and Grazed Pastures
Literature Cited

Proactive Management of Pestiferous Rangeland Grasshopper Habitat of the Northern Plains
(Entire Report - 3.70 MB download)
Grasshopper IPM Program: A Retrospective
Grasshopper Mortality: Pathogens, Parasites, and Predators
Grasshopper Life Cycle
Pestiferous Rangeland Grasshoppers
Grasshopper Habitat
Grasshopper Outbreaks
Grasshopper Forage Use
Native Vegetation of the Northern Plains
Ecosystem Mechanisms and Processes
Proactive Management of Crested Wheatgrass
Proactive Management of Native Rangeland
Compendium: Proactive Management of Grasshopper Habitat
Literature Cited
Evaluation of the Achilles’ Heel of Mixed Grass Prairie Ecosystems: the Availability of Mineral Nitrogen
(Entire Report - 1.16 MB download)
Biogeochemical Processes of Nitrogen in Rangeland Soils
Importance of Mineral Nitrogen in Restoration of Degraded Ecosystems
Importance of Mineral Nitrogen in Maintaining Ecosystem Productivity
The Renewability of Grazingland Ecosystems